An extrusion machine for PTFE

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Our comprehensive array includes PTFE & UHMWPE Rods Ram Extrusion Machines, PTFE & UHMWPE Ram Extrusion Machines, PTFE Molding Machines, PTFE Gasket Machines & Sintering Furnace/Ovens.

What is PTFE?

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic material accidentally invented in the late 1930s while a chemist was endeavoring to develop a new type of perfluorethylene-based refrigerant. Rather than achieving a chlorofluorocarbon, the scientist was surprised to find that the perfluorethylene used in the process reacted with the iron content of its container and polymerized under pressure. Less than a decade later, this new material was being distributed on a commercial scale and was eventually patented under the name Teflon®. It would be another 20 years before this material would hit the frying pan and become known as the first non-stick coating for cookware, however. In fact, this material was used for a variety of other purposes at first.

PTFE also possesses very low frictional properties, which is expressed as frictional coefficient. This measurement is relative and differs according to the materials brought into contact to generate or simulate friction. In terms of plastics, friction is usually observed against polished steel. To put the low friction coefficient of PTFE into proper perspective, it is the only known synthetic surface material to which the toe pads of a gecko fail to stick. This quality makes it suitable for manufacturing parts that need to resist friction, such as gears and ball bearings.

This material was eventually introduced to American households by Marion Trozzolo, founder of Laboratory Plasticware Fabricators. While Trozzolo had been producing Teflon®-coated scientific tools for a number of years, he became inspired by a French engineer who found it such an effective non-stick coating for his fishing gear that he later treated his wife’s pots and pans with it. While this experiment led to the production of cookware known as Tefal (T-Fal®) in France in the mid-1950s, Trozzolo became the first U.S. producer of Teflon®-coated cookware. In fact, “The Happy Pan,” launched in 1961, earned a place of historical significance in the Smithsonian Institute and Trozzolo a name of distinction in the Plastics Hall of Fame.

Extrusion is a shape forming manufacturing process that involves forcing material into a die to make other shapes with that matetial. It’s like play dough. Imagine having play dough and pushing it through one of those tools with all the holes. You end up with play dough spaghetti. This is an example of extrusion. You can achieve a lot of different stock sizes and lengths by extruding.

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The advantages of the extrusion blow molding

Molding Machine are those which are used to make shapes out of materials such as plastic, rubber and metal. There are a lot of different techniques for molding materials. The Stretch Blow Molding Machine techniques used is thermoses and thermoplastics and these change the nature of the plastic that has been processed through these techniques. Thermo sets make the plastic retain the shape that it has been molded in. Once you try to change it, you will have to melt it and in this process, this plastic will burn and become useless. The molded thermoplastics are made in small pieces that make their transportation easier and then melted together to make a pool out of it after which it can be given the shape of anything that the manufacturer wants to produce.
Molding Machine
1)The cost of the extrusion blow molding machine is cheaper than that of injection molding machine, about one third of the injection blow molding machine.
2)On blowing molding, the preform is formed under low pressure through the extrusion equipment heat, in this circumstance, the residual stress of the products is small. With its good performance in tensile, impact, bending and other variety of environments, It have the good function.
3)In the injection blow molding, the plastic melt at high pressure (15–140Mpa) through the mold runner and gate, which will lead to uneven stress distribution.
4)The moleculars of blowing mold grade plastics(e.g,PE)are more than that of injection mold.
Such blow molding products have a high impact toughness and high resistance to environmental stress cracking performance, which is very favorable for the large-capacity production of plastic bottles.
5)The wall thickness of the blow molding products can be very thin while the injection molding products cannot be so thin as blowing mold process.
6)Blow molding process can shape complex and irregular products, but the injection molding process has to produce two or more pieces, and then stick it by the glue or bond it or using ultrasonic welding.

Film and Sheet Extrusion

In extrusion, thermoplastics are melted to a viscous mass in a screw and then pressed into shape through a shaping die.

Machine parameters for the success with Effect pigments 

Masturbates or compounds are usually used to color the molten mass with effect pigments. For a satisfactory result in plastic extrusion with effect pigments, a balanced ratio must be maintained between the mixture energy and pigments which are as undamaged as possible. Excessive shear from mixing sections or inappropriate screws or filters destroy effect pigments and dramatically decrease the pearl luster effect.

The orientation of the pigments is a requirement for an even effect. This has to be ensured in the process through an corresponding engineering and design of the machinery.

Special possibilities in Co-extrusion 

Co-extrusion is used to combine different materials or the same materials in different colors or effects. The two materials are combined into one flow in the co-extrusion die. If an effect pigments is used in the surface layer, it is possible to increase the effect strength and by the same time saving cost due to a thin layer and the perfect orientation of the effect pigment on the visible surface However, it must be taken into account that, due to the much thinner co-extrusion layer, a higher concentration of effect pigment must be used than in solid layers in regular extrusion – this could mean up to ten percent in the plastic, depending on the layer thickness and desired effect. Less pigment is needed when the entire layer mass is colored.

The inner layer in co-extrusion usually uses high coverage. It is also called the substrate layer because of its much higher layer thickness. Functional materials can be used in this, such as to improve the barrier or other properties, or internal recycling materials can be used to save raw materials and boost waste reduction and economy. Effect pigments are seldom used in this layer.

This technique can be used in all extrusion processes, including extrusion blow molding.

Extrusion Materials

Extrusion MaterialsExtrusion is the most important process where a billet is pushed and / or drawn by way of die for creating rod, or pipe in a specific shape. This process is also used to develop vinyl (PVC), aluminum & other profiles / components that are used to produce windows and doors. The extrusion process is carried out with the assistance of various Extrusions Machinery such as Extruder, PP / TQ Film Plant, Extrusion Lamination Plant, Synthetic String Plant, and others. There are mainly two types of extrusions processes, hot extrusion and cold extrusion. 


In the Hot Extrusion Process, different products are manufactured using various materials that are also called Extrusion Materials. Mainly, the extrusion materials that are used include Aluminium, and Copper along with their alloys. Some of the other quality extrusion materials that are extruded using hot extrusion process are as follows:

  • Magnesium
  • Steel
  • Titanium
  • Nickel
  • Refractory Alloys

Similarly, in the Cold Extrusion Process various products are developed from a range of materials. Some of the major Extrusion Materials include:

  • Copper
  • Lead
  • Tin
  • Aluminum Alloys
  • Titanium
  • Molybdenum
  • Vanadium
  • Steel
  • Zirconium
  • Niobium.

Depending on your requirements, you can choose different extrusion materials for developing an array of products. The selected material must have the capability of being extruded into the designed profile. The extrusion material specifications may or may not match the design requirements as desired by you, but if the material has low melt strength and low melt stiffness, then it may be possible to extrude it in the design geometry. Hence, it is very important to select the proper extrusion materials. Some of the good extrusion materials are as follows:

  • Acrylic
  • Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
  • Polycarbonate (PC)
  • Polyester (PETG)
  • Polyethylene (High Density-HDPE, Low Density-LDPE)
  • Polypropylene (PP)
  • Polystyrene (General Purpose-GPPS, High Impact-HIPS)
  • Polyvinyl Chloride (Rigid-RPVC, Flexible-FPVC)

During the selection of the extrusion materials, you must consider some of the important attributes related to them such as: 

Additives and Co-polymer Flexibility
Aesthetics Heat Stability
Chemical Resistance Impact Strength
Comparative Material Chart Rigidity
Flame Retardancy Smell
UV Stability

Hydraulic Power Drives and Motors

Hydraulic Power Drives and MotorsA drive system that is different from the AC and DC drive, this drive does not require a transmission system. It consist of a constant speed AC motor driving a hydraulic pump which in turn drives a hydraulic motor and the associated controls. The entire package is often referred as the hydrostatic drive.
The hydraulic drive are preferred because the drive can be controlled quite well. Advanced version of hydraulic drives is being increasingly used in new and varied applications. Compared to other derives, the advantage of hydrostatic drives for extruders is the elimination of the need for a transmission between the hydraulic motor and extruder screw. The hydraulic drive in ideally suited for operations where there is are a constant requirement for stop and go motion.
Types of hydraulic drives
Hydrostatic drives are presently used in many demanding applications. At least three types of output performance are commonly available.

Variable Power, Variable torque transmissions: are based on a variable displacement pump supplying a variable displacement motor. These transmissions provide a combination of constant torque and constant power. These units are the most adjustable, most flexible and most expensive.

Constant Power, Constant variable torque transmissions: are based on a variable displacement pump supplying fluid to a fixed displacement motor under constant load. Speed is controlled by varying pump delivery. This is considered the best general-purpose drive, with wide speed range and simple controls.

Constant Power Variable Torque: transmission are based on a variable displacement pump with a power limited , driving a fixed displacement motor. Th main strength of this transmission is the efficiency.


Advantages
  • Step-less adjustment of speed, torque and power,
  • Smooth and controllable acceleration,
  • Ability to be stalled without damage
  • Easy controllability.

Drives And Motors – DC drives

DC drive system has been in use for nearly a century now, with the first drive ever to be developed being claimed to be operated on direct current. DC drive is the speed control system of the DC motors. The basic DC drive control system helps in starting, stopping, changing the direction and speed of the motor. The DC drive system which has only two main component, a converter and a regulator, is simpler is operation to the AC drive and is ideal in many operations. Another advantage is that the DC drive can be retrofitted with existing DC motors.

PTFE Machinery

Speed of a DC motor is directly propotionae depends on the armature voltage and field current, the DC drives helps in controlling both the two currents. Motor Speed is primarily determined by Applied Armature Voltage.Motor Torque is controlled by Armature Current (amperes). Understanding these two concepts of DC motors provides the key to understanding total drive performance.Types of DC drives:

There are several types of DC drives available with various speed controls. Some of them being:


Nonregenerative DC Drives
 – It is the most conventional type and basic type of drive that is commonly used. In the most simple form the control motor speed and the torque are in one direction. Certain additional components like the electromechanical (magnetic) armature reversing contator are provided to enhance the capability of the drive.Regenerative DC Drives – A regenerative DC drive basically consit of two coordinated DC drives integrated within a common package. Regenerative adjustable speed drives are capable of controlling not only the speed and direction of motor rotation, but also the direction of motor torque.

Brushless DC Drives: A drive that is frequently being used, a brushless drive does not contain a brush. The motor contains permanent magnets, the size of the magnets determine the horse power capabilities of the motor.

Drives And Motors – AC Drives

One of the most sought after device when stable speed is required, AC drive refers to the device used to control the speed of an AC motor. AC drives converts the AC power into an adjustable frequency, adjustable voltage output for controlling motor operation. Changing the frequency is the primary function of an AC drive.

AC DrivesThe AC motor consist of two part – a stationary part called the stator and a rotational part called the rotor. The shaft part of the rotor extends outside the motor and connects the equipment to be rotated. AC drives and motors and drives are getting increasingly used with the use of the modern PMW technology solution. The two AC drive systems used on extruders are the adjustable transmission ratio drive and the adjustable frequency drive.

Mechanical Adjustable Speed Drive: They are of belt, chain, wooden block and traction type. These drives are rarely used nowadays because it is maintenance intensive and provides only limited speed control. Mechanical adjustable speed drives are rarely used nowadays because they are maintenance intensive, have limited speed control, etc.

The adjustable transmission ratio drive: can have either mechanical adjustable speed drive or an electric friction clutch drive.

Adjustable Frequency Drive: An AC squirrel caste induction motor is connected to a solid-state power supply for providing an adjustable frequency to the AC Motor. The AC squirrel cage induction motor has several advantages in terms of low price, simplicity, low maintenance, compact construction,etc. The cost of the adjustable frequency drive is mostly determined by the solid-state power supply.

Eddy Current Drive: In the extrusion industry the eddy current drive has been widely applied in the past. The continuing popularity of the drive is due to the simplicity of the drive. An eddy current drive consist of a fixed speed AC motor driving a steel drum. Inside the drum the wire is wound round a rotor. By controlling the speed of the rotor, the rotor speed can be varied. Due to the simplicity of the operation eddy currents are widely used.

Advantages

  • Dynamic response with vector operation
  • Low maintenance and are suitable to harsh environments
  • Dynamic response with vector operation
  • Motor designs for extruder duty units feature high overload capabilities and very wide constant torque speed ranges.

AC motors continue to be the most moving equipment for fixed speed requirements of industry. Their basic simplicity, dependability and ruggedness make AC motors the natural choice for the vast majority of industrial drive applications.